Parts or summaries of the following studies have been used in the texts presented here. We thank the authors for their interest and research on the Circassians and the Caucasus.
Legend: HRH Prince Ali Bin Al-Hussein, The Circassians, MGA Production.
Caucasus: John Colarusso, “Peoples of the Caucasus”, Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life, Pepper Pike, Ohio: Eastword Publications, 1997.
History: V. Nabatchikov, “History of Northern Caucasus”, Gold of the North Caucasus, Moscow: State Museum of Oriental Art, Moscow; Official Site of Republic of Adygea: http://www.adygheya.ru; Giorgij Shamba, “On the Track of Abkhazia’s Antiquity”, in G. Hewitt, The Abkhazians, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.
Deportation: Stephen D. Shenfield, “The Circassians: A Forgotten Genocide?”, in M. Levene and P. Roberts (eds.), The Massacre in History, NewYork: Berghahn Books, 1999.
Diaspora: Ayhan Kaya, “Political Participation Strategies of the Circassian Diaspora in Turkey”, Mediterranean Politics, Vol. 9, No. 2 (2004), pp.221–239; Seteney Shami, “Prehistories of Globalization: Circassian Identity in Motion”, Public Culture, Vol. 12, No. 1 (2000), pp.177–204; Amjad Jaimoukha, The Circassians: A Handbook, New York: Palgrave, 2001; John Colarusso, “Peoples of the Caucasus”; Kemal Karpat, Ottoman Population, 1830-1914: Demographic and Social Characteristics, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985; Sevda Alankuş and Erol Taymaz, “The Formation of a Circassian Diaspora in Turkey”, in Adyghe (Cherkess) in the 19th Century: Problems of War and Peace, Maikop, 2009.
Language and Culture: John Colarusso, “Peoples of the Caucasus”, Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life, Pepper Pike, Ohio: Eastword Publications, 1997.